SC13 Home > SC13 Schedule > SC13 Presentation - Exploring DRAM Organizations for Energy-Efficient and Resilient Exascale Memories

SCHEDULE: NOV 16-22, 2013

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Exploring DRAM Organizations for Energy-Efficient and Resilient Exascale Memories

SESSION: Memory Resilience

EVENT TYPE: Papers

TIME: 11:00AM - 11:30AM

SESSION CHAIR: Scott Pakin

AUTHOR(S):Bharan Giridhar, Michael Cieslak, Deepankar Duggal, Ronald Dreslinski, Hsing Min Chen, Robert Patti, Betina Hold, Chaitali Chakrabarti, Trevor Mudge, David Blaauw

ROOM:405/406/407

ABSTRACT:
The power target for exascale supercomputing is 20MW, with about 30% budgeted for the memory subsystem. Commodity DRAMs will not satisfy this requirement. Additionally, the large number of memory chips (>10M) required will result in crippling failure rates. Although specialized DRAM memories have been reorganized to reduce power through 3D-stacking or row buffer resizing, their implications on fault tolerance have not been considered. We show that addressing reliability and energy is a co-optimization problem involving tradeoffs between error correction cost, access energy and refresh power; reducing the physical page size to decrease access energy increases the energy/area overhead of error resilience. Additionally, power can be reduced by optimizing bitline lengths. The proposed 3D-stacked memory uses a page size of 4kb and consumes 5.1pJ/bit based on simulations with NEK5000 benchmarks. Scaling to 100PB, the memory consumes 4.7MW at 100PB/s which, while well within the total power budget (20MW), is also error-resilient.

Chair/Author Details:

Scott Pakin (Chair) - Los Alamos National Laboratory

Bharan Giridhar - University of Michigan

Michael Cieslak - University of Michigan

Deepankar Duggal - University of Michigan

Ronald Dreslinski - University of Michigan

Hsing Min Chen - Arizona State University

Robert Patti - Tezzaron Semiconductor

Betina Hold - ARM Ltd.

Chaitali Chakrabarti - Arizona State University

Trevor Mudge - University of Michigan

David Blaauw - University of Michigan

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The full paper can be found in the ACM Digital Library