SC13 Home > SC13 Schedule > SC13 Presentation - Visualization Of Deterministic High-Frequency Ground Motions From Simulations Of Dynamic Rupture Along Rough Faults With And Without Medium Heterogeneity Using Petascale Heterogeneous Supercomputers

SCHEDULE: NOV 16-22, 2013

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Visualization Of Deterministic High-Frequency Ground Motions From Simulations Of Dynamic Rupture Along Rough Faults With And Without Medium Heterogeneity Using Petascale Heterogeneous Supercomputers

SESSION: Scientific Visualization Showcase Exhibit

EVENT TYPE: Scientific Visualization Showcases

TIME: 8:30AM - 5:00PM

AUTHOR(S):Amit Chourasia, Yifeng Cui, Efecan Poyraj, Kim B. Olsen, Jun Zhou, Kyle Withers, Scott Callaghan, Jeff Larkin, Clark C. Guest, Dong J. Choi, Philip J. Maechling, Thomas H. Jordan

ROOM:Mile High Pre-Function

ABSTRACT:
The accuracy of earthquake source descriptions is a major limitation in high-frequency (~>1 Hz) deterministic ground motion prediction, which is critical for performance-based design by building engineers. Here, we attempt to quantify the contributions to high-frequency (up to ~10 Hz) ground motion from small-scale complexities in both fault geometry and media. We perform wave propagation simulations using a complex kinematic source from a simulation of dynamic rupture along a rough fault. Calculation of ground motions is extended to a distance of 35 km from the fault with a highly scalable fourth-order staggered-grid finite difference method (GPU-based AWP). The animation shows the evolution of an earthquake rupture as well the waves radiated to the surrounding medium. The vertical plane shows details of how the relative movement of two sides of the fault evolve, which leads to the release of large amount of seismic waves causing the ground to shake. These simulations demonstrate the importance of including small-scale heterogeneities in ground motion models, in that they can cause the rupture front to break up and cause both defocusing and focusing of the wavefield. The result is a modified distribution of predicted peak ground motion, an important parameter used by engineers to establish building codes. There is also a significant amount of backscatter behind the initial waves, lengthening the duration of ground shaking. Both the rough fault and medium heterogeneities will become increasingly important in the field of earthquake hazard prediction as more powerful computers enable ground motion prediction to higher frequencies.

Chair/Author Details:

Amit Chourasia - San Diego Supercomputer Center

Yifeng Cui - San Diego Supercomputer Center

Efecan Poyraj - University of California, San Diego

Kim B. Olsen - San Diego State University

Jun Zhou - University of California, San Diego

Kyle Withers - San Diego State University

Scott Callaghan - University of Southern California

Jeff Larkin - NVIDIA

Clark C. Guest - University of California, San Diego

Dong J. Choi - San Diego Supercomputer Center

Philip J. Maechling - University of Southern California

Thomas H. Jordan - University of Southern California

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